LOGGING ON TO VSNL
3.1 Logging on to a
Now that you have an account at VSNL, have your modem connected, and have the software configured, you are ready to log on to the VSNL's Terminal account.
In the dialing directory of your communication software, e.g. Procomm Plus for DOS, Telix for DOS (a shareware program) or Procomm for Windows, enter the dial-up telephone numbers for VSNL's Terminal account service. For Mumbai, these numbers currently are 265-9045, 264-1520, and 431-5836, but they are subject to change as notified by VSNL, from time to time. For each number enter the terminal emulation, data bits, stop bits and parity. Usually a menu, e.g. the Revise command in Procomm Plus for DOS in the dialing directory, will walk you through these steps.
In your dialing directory, highlight (select) VSNL's number and dial out by pressing the <enter> key. You will hear the modem sending tones or pulses.
When your modem connects to VSNL's modem, you will hear squealing noises coming out of the modem's speaker as they establish contact and exchange protocols. Now you are connected to VSNL. The first screen welcoming you to VSNL, as shown in Fig 3-1, will be displayed on your monitor:
Fig. 3-1 First
screen as you logon to VSNL's Terminal account.
VSNL 8 SHELL at 9600 baud
Trying 188.8.131.52 ... Open
Your cursor is at the login
prompt. Type in your userid given to you by VSNL, and press
<enter>. Then you will come to the Password prompt. Type in
the password given to you by VSNL, press <enter>, and you
will see a welcoming screen by VSNL. You are now logged on to
your account at VSNL. The screen which appears on your monitor is
Fig. 3-2 The
second screen you will see when you logon to VSNL's Terminal
Last login: Tue Apr 9 19:34:35 from 184.108.40.206
DECnet/OSI for Digital UNIX V3.2A-0 (Rev. 23.17); Thu Sep 7 11:16:08 EDT 1995
Digital UNIX V3.2C (Rev. 148); Tue Feb 27 18:01:44 IST 1996
Digital UNIX V3.2C Worksystem Software (Rev. 148)
Fig 3-3 The
third screen you will encounter as you logon to VSNL's Terminal
INDIA'S GATEWAY TO THE WORLD *
YOU TO *
* SURF THE
You have mail.
At this point, as you press
<enter> to proceed, the First Menu screen will appear, with
10 items, as shown in Fig. 3-4.
Fig. 3-4 First
SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED
Now you are ready to do some
useful work with you account. First of all let me explain the
first two items of the First Menu shown in figure 3-4 above.
Selection "H" (i.e. Help) gives list of UNIX commands
that are available to you from the UNIX prompt and they are
discussed in detail in chapter 13. Selection "0"
("zero") logs you out of the your account and is
explained in the next section.
You are very strongly advised to change your password, to something different from the one given to you by VSNL -- to one of your own picking. How to do this is explained in Chapter 10.
3.2 Logging out of a Terminal Account
It may be necessary for you to stop your work on the computer at any time. For this purpose, it is advisable to get out of the account and log off in an orderly manner. If the electrical power is accidentally disconnected or you just turn off the power to your equipment, several emergency shut-down systems in your software, hardware, and at VSNL's server will shut things down and log you out, but there is a small chance of losing some data. As a routine procedure, you should log out through the software.
To log out, select item "0" and this will log you out. Alternatively you could select item "10" on the First Menu and you will come to the UNIX prompt which will be your userid followed by ">". Since my userid is rajm, I would get the following prompt:
Type "exit" and press <enter>, and this logs you off the account. Something similar to what is shown in Fig. 3-5 will be displayed on your screen.
Fig. 3-5 Logout
messages on your screen
Logged out port 12
Local -010- Session 1 to TELNET on node name 220.127.116.11 established
Digital UNIX (giasbm01.vsnl.net.in) (ttyse)
You can now close down the application programs you are using on your computer and shut it off as instructed by your software.
3.3 Logging on to TCP/IP Account
TCP/IP stack would have to be installed in windows for you to access the account. Appendix B gives details about installation of the TCP/IP stack for windows 3.1/3.11 and for windows 95. As a part of this installation, a telephone dialer will be automatically installed. Since Windows95 has become a popular operating system, following discussion will be in its context. However, whatever discussed will apply to other TCP/IP stacks and very similar procedure to login to the account will have to be followed.
For Windows95 you should bring the icon for the dialer (e.g. shortcut to VSNL), which is configured for VSNL available on the desktop, as it will make it easier to start the dialing. After you click on the icon the dialer window will appear on your screen and clicking on connect will start the dialing process via your modem. After connection is made, a Post-Dial Terminal Screen will show up, which will require your username and Password as shown in following Fig.3-6.
Fig. 3-6 Post-Dial Terminal Screen
Entering PPP mode.
address is unnumbered (Ethernet0)
~~}#@!}!b} }4}"}&} }*} } }%}&tw0}'}"}(}"14~~}#@!}!c} }4}"}&} }*} } }%}&tw0}'}"}(}"x'~~}#@!}!d} }4}"}&} }*} } }%}&tw0}'}"}(}"4G~~}#@!}!e} }4}"}&} }*} } }%}&tw0}'}"}(}"}]T~~}#@!}!f} }4}"}&} }*
After you have supplied username (which in this case i4u@bom2, and the Password (which I am not going to tell you). You will get a router prompt which in this case happens to be:
At this prompt you will have to type "ppp" and hit <Cr> or Enter. You will then see information about the IP address which is dynamically assigned to this session of TCP/IP and some other technical stuff followed by junk characters.
Please note, that before you
proceed, you must see the junk characters as they
establish the necessary ppp portocol connection. At this point
you will have either press F7 or click on "Continue "
to proceed. The Post-Dialup Terminal screen will disappear and a
window will show uptitled "connecting to VSNL";
in which at first it will be attempting to verify your username
and password and then will inform you that you are logging on to
the Network. Then after it has logged on to the the Internet in
the window it will say, the window title will say "connected
to VSNL". You should minimize this window and now it will
appear on our taskbar of Windows95. Now you are connected to
Internet and in fact our computer is sitting on the Internet with
an IP address.
At this point you can start any of the TCP/IP applications e.g. browser, an email client like Eudora or whichever large number of applications which are been written for TCP/IP.
3.4 Logging out from TCP/IP Account
After you have finished your session i.e. whatever you wanted to do and want to log out, you need to maximize the window "Connected to VSNL" and click on disconnect. Your modem at this point will drop the carrier.
3.5 Loging on to your Account from any city with
Suppose that you are you are lucky enough to travel to different metros actually (rather than traveling in cyberspace) and you want to check your email or do surfing. You may think that you have to connect to your account via an STD call! But there is an easier and inexpensive way to using your accounts.
VSNL has provided this facility to log on to your shell account as well as use your TCP/IP account from any city with either VSNL or DOT server for Internet.
a) Logging on to your Terminal or Shell account from other cities
Procedure is very simple. In a given city, in this case since we are in Mumbai, you dial in to any of the Shell or Terminal Account numbers and you will get the screen shown in Fig. 3-7.
Fig. 3-7 Logging on to the shell account from different city.
|1. Logon to
2. Logon to giasbm02
3. Logon to bom3
Trying 18.104.22.168 ... Open
Digital UNIX (giasbm01.vsnl.net.in) (ttyt8)
At the login: prompt enter "guest" and at the Password: prompt enter "gias123". Then what you will in the final screen is shown in Fig. 3-8. The top part would have rush past and you will see only the menu in the end asking you to choose the server in the city where your account is issued.
Fig. 3-8 Menu for the cities to log onto
WELCOME TO GIAS GUEST LOGIN MENU
Once you have selected the city to log on to you are on the server on your home town and then you can log on like you normally do and proceed with the work you wish to accomplish. The Terminal account phone numbers in different cities is given in Appendix A
Roaming TCP/IP Dial-up Facility
VSNL has offered roaming TCP/IP dialup facility to give full Internet access for customers who are moving from one GIAS/DOT node to another. Customer needs to provide full e-mail address at username: prompt as follows:
Authentication will be done at the
respective centre where the customer is registered.
The TCP/IP access numbers are given in Appendix A
Logging on to your Shell or Terminal Account from Anywhere in the
If you are one of the lucky ones who is roaming around the world and want to check your mail in on any VSNL server, you can do that. However, to be able to do that you will have to have access to someones account in the city you are visiting or you can go to, now becoming popular, at least in the USA, the cyber cafes. The basic requirement is that you have "telnet" access. Telnet is a service on the Internet as we have discussed in Chapter 6. Most of the time you have an UNIX prompt when you log on to someones Shell account or you are directly on to the telnet prompt. In case you are at the UNIX prompt you type, "telnet" and you are now at "telnet" prompt. At telnet prompt you type the address of your VSNL server. In the following example we telneting to jaipur server:
telnet.> open jp1.vsnl.net.in
Once you are connected to this machine, which is your VSNL server at home, you can use it on the shell as if you are sitting at home on your computer.
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Chapter 2 Internet in India
Chapter 4 Using E-mail (Electronic Mail)
Table of Contents